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A Modern East Syrian Lectionary (Maclean, original format)

Maclean, Arthur John. East Syrian Daily Offices. London: Rivington, Percival & Co., 1894.

Appendix: The Kalendar1 and the Lectionary2, pp. 264-281

pp. 264-265

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE3

THE GOSPEL

First Sunday of "Annunciation" or Advent4

Gen 17

Isa 42.18-43.14

...

Eph 5.21-6.10

Lk 1.5-26

Second Sunday of "Anununciation"

Num 22.9-21

Isa 43.14-44.6

...

Col 4.2-end

Lk 1.26-57

Third Sunday of "Annunciation"

Gen 18.1-20

Jgs 13.2-25

...

Eph 3

Lk 1.57-end

Fourth Sunday of "Annunciation"

Gen 24.50-end; 25.12-29

1Sm 1.1-19

...

Eph 5.5-21

Mt 1.18-end

The Nativity, December 25th5

...

Isa 7.10-16; 9.1-4, .6-8; Mic 4.1-5.6; 5.7-10

...

Gal 3.15-4.7

Lk 2.1-21

Friday. Mar Yaqu (James)6, the Lord's Brother7*

...

...

...

...

...

First Sunday of the Nativity

Gen 21.9-22

1Sm 1.19-end

...

Gal 4.18-5.2

Mt 2

Friday. Mart Máriam (St. Mary)

Ex 15.11-22

Mic 6.1-6

1.1-15

Rom 16

Lk 1.26-57

Second Sunday of the Nativity

Ex 2.1-11

Isa 49.1-7

...

2Tim 2.16-end

Lk 2.21-end

Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday; rogation of Mar Zaya (very rarely observed)8

...

...

...

...

...

1. All the dates are in old style. For the sources of this Kalendar see Introduction.

2. The lessons are those used in the Liturgy; there are none in the daily offices, except on Easter Day. The 'lections' (in the more limited sense) are arranged in three divisions at the suggestion of the Rev. W. C. Bishop, M.A., to whom the writer is also indebted for the index to the Lectionary which follows.

3. St. Paul.

4. The year is divided into periods of about seven weeks each, called Shawu'i. These are: Advent, Epiphany, the Fast, Resurrection, the Apostles, Summer, Elijah and the Cross, Moses, Hallowing of the Church. The two last are only four weeks each.

5. Popularly called in the plain of Urmi "The little feast" (in contrast to Easter).

6. In the present Greek Kalendar, Sunday after Christmas.

7. The days marked with an asterisk are now obsolete.

8. Kashkul MS. (see Introduction).

 

pp. 266-267

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Epiphany ["The Shining Forth"] Jan. 6th1

Num 24.2-end

Isa 4.2-6; 11.1-6, .9-11; ch 12

...

Tit 2.11-3.8

Mt 3

Friday. Mar Yukhánan (John) the Baptist

...

Isa 35.3-end; 40.1-9

13.13-34

Eph 2.19-end of 3

Mk 6.14-30

First Sunday of the Epiphany

Ex 3.1-16

Isa 44.21-45.5

...

2Tim 3.1-16

Lk 4.14-31

Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Rogation of the Virgins.2

...

...

...

...

...

Friday. Patrus-Polus (St. Peter and St. Paul)

...

2Ki 4.8-38

9.32-43; 14.8-16; 20.7-13

2Cor 10.1-8; 11.21-end

Mt 16.13-20; Jn 21.15-25

Second Sunday of the Epiphany

Num 10.29-11.11

Isa 45.11-18

...

Heb 3.1-14

Jn 1.1-29

Friday. The four Evangelists. [Also3, "the memorial of the one hundred and fifty Bishops who excommunicated Macedonius"*]

...

1Ki 18.30-40

5.12-33

2Cor 1.8-15

Mt 10.1-16

Third Sunday of the Epiphany

Num 11.11-21

Isa 45.18-46.5

...

Heb 3.14-4.11

Jn 1.29-43

Friday. Mar Istapánus (St. Stephen)

...

1Ki 21.1-22

6.8-7.2; 7.51-8.3

2Cor 3.18-end of 4

Mt 11.20-end; 23.29-end

Fourth Sunday of the Epiphany

Num 11.23-end of 12

Isa 46.5-end

...

Heb 7.18-end

Jn 1.43-2.12

Friday. The Greek Doctors4

...

1Sam 22.6-18

21.27-35; 22.30-23.17

2Tim 2.8-20; 4.1-9, .14-19

Mt 4.23-5.20

Fifth Sunday of the Epiphany

Dt 18.9-end

Isa 48.12-21

...

Heb 6.9-7.4

Jn 3.1-22

1. In Urmi, "The new waters." On this day only our Lord's baptism is commemorated; not, as in the West, the coming of the Magi.

2. Observed in some places by girls.

3. Kashkul MS. Also Raban Pithiun.

4. Especially Diodorus of Tarsus, Nestorius, and Theodore the Interpreter.

pp. 268-269

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Monday of the Rogations of the Ninevites1

...

Isa 63.17-end of 64; Am 5.3-16; Hab 3

...

1Tim 2.1-3.11

Mt 5.17-38

Tuesday of the Rogation of the Ninevites

...

Isa 59.1-19; Lam 5

...

Rom 12

Mt 5.17-38

Wednesday of the Rogation of the Ninevites

Gen 18.20-end

Isa 63.7-17

...

Col 3.1-4.2

Mt 6.1-19

Thursday of the Rogation of the Ninevites2

...

Isa 65.16-66.3; Jer 17.21-27

...

Col 3.1-18

Jn 16.23-end

Friday. The Syrian Doctors.3 [Also, Memorial of Mar Saurishu of Bith Garmai4]

...

2Ki 13.14-22

12.25-13.13

Heb 13.1-10, .16-22

Mt 16.24-17.10

Sixth Sunday of the Epiphany

Dt 24.9-end

Isa 63.7-17

...

Heb 8.1-9.11

Jn 3.22-4.4

Friday. Mar Awa, Catholicos,5 or "One Person" (the Patron Saint)

...

Isa 41.8-17

18.19-19.21

2Cor 10.4-end

Mt 24.45-25.24

Seventh Sunday of Epiphany

Dt 14.2-15.5

Isa 42.5-10, .14-18

...

1Tim 6.9-end

Mt 7.28-8.14

Friday. The forty Martyrs [of Sebaste] who were frozen to death6

As on Confessors' day (below)

...

...

...

...

Eighth Sunday of the Epiphany. [Also, Memorial of all the Eastern (Syrian) Catholici]4

Ex 15.22-26; 16.4-8, .9-11

Isa 44.23-45.8; 45.17-25; 46.1-3

...

Eph 1.15-2.8

Mk 1.1-12

Friday of the Departed

...

Ezk 37.1-15; Sir7 44.1-23

...

1Cor 15.34-57

Jn 5.19-30

1. In commemoration of the preaching of Johan. This Rogation always holds its position relative to the Fast, and is seventy days before Easter. It was instituted by Mar Saurishu of Beith Garmai on account of a great plague (Kashkul MS).

2. The Fast lasts only until the Liturgy on this day has been celebrated.

3. i.e. East Syrian Mar Ephraim and Mar Narsi (cir. 520 A.D.) are especially commemorated.

4. Kashkul MS

5. A.D. 536-552

6. Byzantine Kalendar, Mar. 9; Armenian, Mar. 16; others Mar. 10 or 11; in the Kashkul MS, Thursday in the week after the Rogation of the Ninevites.

7. In the Syriac, Son of Sira

pp. 270-271

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Sunday before [lit. entering] the Great Fast1

Ex 34.1-8, .27-end

Isa 58.1-13, .14

...

Ep[h 4.17-5.5, .15-22

Mt 3.16-4.12

First Monday of the Fast.2

This and the two following days are the Rogation3 of the Angle Gauriel (Gabriel).

Gen 1.1-20

Josh 1.1-12

...

Rom 1.1-26

Mt 5.17-38

First Tuesday of the Fast

Gen 1.20-2.8

Josh 1.12-2.12

...

Rom 1.26-2.6

Mt 5.38-end

First Wednesday of the Fast

Gen 2.8-end

Josh 2.8-end

...

Rom 2.6-28

Mt 6.1-19

First Thursday of the Fast

Gen 3.1-20

Josh 3.1-14

...

Rom 2.28-3.27

Mt 6.19-end

First Friday of the Fast

Gen 3.20-end

Josh 3.14-4.10

...

Rom 3.27-end of 4

Mt 7.1-15

Second Sunday of the Fast

Gen 5.18-32

Josh 4.15-end

...

Rom 5

Mt 7.15-28

Second Friday of the Fast

Gen 5.32-end of 6

Josh 5.1-13

...

Rom 7.1-14

Mk 11.27-12.12

Third Sunday of the Fast

Gen 7

Josh 5.13-6.6

...

Rom 7.14-end

Mt 20.17-29

Third Friday of the Fast

Gen 9.8-end

Josh 6.6-end

...

Rom 7.25-8.12

Mk 12.13-35

Fourth Sunday of the Fast

Gen 11

Josh 7.10-16

...

Rom 8.12-28

Mt 21.23-end

Middle (Fourth) Monday of the Fast

Gen 12.1-10

Josh 7.16-end

...

Rom 9.1-14

Jn 5.1-19

Middle Tuesday of the Fast

Gen 12.10-13.8

Josh 8.1-18

...

Rom 9.14-30

Jn 5.19-end

Middle Wednesday of the Fast, or the Division of the Fast

Gen 13.8-end

Josh 8.18-30

...

Rom 9.30-10.18

Jn 6.51-70

Middle Thursday of the Fast

Gen 14.1-18

Josh 8.30-end

...

Rom 10.17-11.13

Jn 7.1-14

1. Rule in the Khudhra. -- This Sunday i s always fifty days before Easter; If there are eight Sundays after Epiphany, the above order is followed; if seven, the Memorial of the Forty Martyrs is dropped; if six, the Evangelists and St. Peter and St. Paul are joined together; if five, also the Greek and Syrian Doctors; if four, also St. Stephen and Mar Awa; the service being partly of the one and partly of the other. The Sundays are joined in the same way.

2. The first, fourth, and seventh weeks of the Fast are called the "Weeks of the Mysteries" (sacrament).

3. Very rarely observed.

pp. 272-273

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Middle Friday of the Fast

Gen 14.18-15.16

Josh 9.1-15

...

Rom 11.25-end

Jn 7.14-37

Fifth Sunday of the Fast

Gen 16 and 17

Josh 9.15-end

...

Rom 12

Jn 7.37-8.21

Fifth Friday of the Fast

Gen 18.1-20

Josh 14.6-end

...

Rom 13

Jn 8.31-end

Sixth Sunday of the Fast

Gen 19.1-27

Josh 21.43-22.10

...

Rom 14.10-end

Jn 9.39-10.22

Sixth Friday of the Fast

Gen 19.27-end

Josh 22.10-21

...

Rom 15.1-14

Jn 11.1-45

Feast (or Sunday) of Hosannas1

Gen 49.1-13, .22-27

Zech 3.7-4.7, .11-end; 7.9-11; 8.4-6, .12, .16-20; 9.9-13

...

Rom 11.13-25

Mt 20.29-21.23

Last (Seventh) Monday of the Fast

Gen 37.1-23

Josh 22.21-30

...

Heb 1 and 2

Jn 11.47-12.12

Last Tuesday of the Fast

Gen 37.23-end

Josh 22.30-23.2

...

Heb 4.14-6.9

Jn 12.12-44

Last Wednesday of the Fast

Gen 39.7-end of 40

Josh 23

...

Heb 9.11-end

Jn 13.1-18

The Passover2

Ex 12.1-21

Zech 9.9-13; 11.4-6, .12-14; 12.9-end; 13.7-end

...

1Cor 5.7-9; 10.15-18; 11.23-end

Mt 26.17-25; Jn 13.22-28; Mt 26.25; Jn 13.3-16; Mt 26.26-31

Friday of the Passion3

...

Isa 52.13-end of 53; Dan 9.21-end

...

Gal 2.17-3.15

Mt 27.1-33; Lk 23.27-31; Mt 27.33-44; Lk 23.39-44; Mt 27.45-55; Jn 19.31-38; Mt 27.57-62

1. Palm Sunday. The red willow used on this day is called the Hosanna tree.

2. Maundy Thursday.

3. Good Friday. On this day the liturgy may not be celebrated (Rubric at end of Order of Consecration of Churches in Takhsa, Part ii.)

pp. 274-275

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Baptism1

...

...

...

1Cor 10.1-14

Jn 2.23-3.9

The Great Sabbath. or Saturday of Light

Gen 22.1-20

Jonah 1 and 2

...

1Cor 1.18-end

Mt 27.62-end

Feast of the Resurrection.2

Evening3

...

...

...

1Cor 15.20-29

Mt 28

" " : Morning

...

...

...

...

Lk 24.1-13

" " : Liturgy

...

Isa 60.1-8; 1Sam 2.1-11

...

Rom 5.20-end of 6; Heb 13.20-end

Jn 20.1-19

Monday of the Week of Weeks

...

Isa 60.9-end

2.14-37

Eph 6.10-end

Jn 14.18-15.15

Tuesday of the Week of Weeks

...

Isa 61.1-10

2.37-end

1Cor 15.1-20

Lk 24.13-36

Wednesday of the Week of Weeks

...

Isa 61.10-62.6

4.23-32

Eph 4.1-17

Jn 15.1-26

Thursday of the Week of Weeks

...

Isa 54.1-16

6.1-8

Col 2.8-3.4

Mt 10.1-16

Friday of the Week of Weeks. The Confessors.4

...

Song of the Three Children5 .2-35

6.8-8.3

Heb 11.3-11, .32-12.3

Mt 10.16-34

New Sunday6

...

Isa 55.4-end

4.32-5.6

Col 1.1-21

Jn 20.19-end

Mar Giwargis (George), April 24th 7

...

Dan 6.6-end

12.1-25

Php 1.12-27

Mt 10.37-end; 19.27-end

Saturday. Mar Khanánya (Ananias) "of the wolves" 8

...

...

...

...

...

Third Sunday of the Resurrection

...

Isa 56.1-8

5.34-end

Eph 1.1-15

Jn 14.1-15

Monday. Rabban Humizd of Shiraz.

As on Mar Awa's Day

...

...

...

...

Friday. Sons of Shmuni (Salamone) 9

As on the Confessors' Day

...

...

...

...

1. These are the lections used in the Baptismal office.

2. In Urmi, "The great feast." Easter is determined by the Greek method.

3. That is, the Evening before.

4. Under King Sapor.

5. In the Syriac, Prayer of the Companions of Khananya.

6. Also called Red Sunday. Locally observed in many places as Mar Audishu's day.

7. This day, being fixed, does not always fall in this place, but is inserted here in the Khudra. [Elsewhere, in East and West, April 23rd.]

8. Kashkul MS. In the old Roman martyrology, on April 21st is Ananias, martyr in Persia (Smith and Cheetham, Dict. Chr. Ant.).

9. The martyrs of 2 Maccabees 7. Usually observed on the first Tuesday of May.

pp. 276-277

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Fourth Sunday of the Resurrection

...

Isa 49.13-24

8.14-26

Eph 1.15-2.2

Jn 16.16-end

Fifth Sunday of the Resurrection

...

Isa 49.7-14

9.1-20

Heb 10.19-37

Jn 21.1-15

Sixth Sunday of the Resurrection

...

Isa 51.9-12; 52.7-13

10.1-17

Eph 2.4-end

Jn 17

Ascension Day

...

2Ki 2.1-16

1.1-15

1Tim 1.18-end of 2; 3.14-end

Lk 24.36-end

Sunday after the Ascension

...

Isa 6

1.15-end

Php 1.27-2.12

Mk 16.2-end

Pentecost, the first day of the Shawu'a of the Apostles

Ex 19.1-10; 20.18-22

...

2.1-22

1Cor 12.1-28

Jn 14.15-18, .25-27; 15.26-16.16

"Order of Worship" 1

...

...

...

...

Jn 4.4-31

Wednesday. 2 Memorial of the first Eucharist*

...

...

...

...

...

Friday of Gold3

...

Isa 35.3-end

ch 3

1Cor 12.28-end of 13

Lk 7.1-23

Second Sunday of the Apostles

...

Joel 2.15-27

4.5-23

1Cor 5.6-6.12

Lk 7.31-end

Third Sunday of the Apostles

Dt 1.3-18

Isa 1.1-11

...

1Cor 7.1-8

Lk 10.23-end

Fourth Sunday of the Apostles

Dt 1.16-34

Isa 1.11-21

...

1Cor 9.13-end

Lk 6.12-47

Fifth Sunday of the Apostles

Dt 1.33-2.2

Isa 1.21-end

...

1Cor 14.1-20

Lk 12.16-35

Sixth Sunday of the Apostles

Dt 4.1-10

Isa 2.1-22

...

1Cor 10.14-33

Lk 12.57-13.18

Seventh Sunday of the Apostles

Dt 4.10-24

Isa 5.8-26

...

1Cor 15.58-end of 16

Lk 13.22-end

Wednesday. 2 The Seventy Apostles.*

...

...

...

...

...

Friday. The Seventy Apostles.

...

Isa 41.8-21

13.13-24; 14.20-24

Rom 8.28-9.6

Mt 10.37-11.15

Sunday of the Twelve Apostles4, or Nusardéil

...

1Ki 18.30-40

5.12-33

2Cor 1.8-15

Lk 14.1-15

Friday. Mar Sargis (Sergius)5, and Mar Yaqu (James) of Suwa2

...

...

...

...

...

1. Special services after the Pentecost liturgy.

2. Kashkul MS

3. In allusion to A

4. The first day of the Shawu'a of Summer.

5. In some places observed on the preceding Sunday (see page 282).

pp. 278-279

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Second Sunday of Summer

Dt 4.3-41

Isa 3.16-end of 4

...

2Cor 3.4-end

Lk 15.4-end

Friday.1 Mar Mari, disciple of Mar Addai

...

...

...

...

...

Third Sunday of Summer

Dt 5.1-17

Isa 5.1-8

...

2Cor 7.1-12

Jn 9.1-39

Fourth Sunday of Summer

Dt 5.16-6.4

Isa 9.8-end

...

2Cor 10

Mk 7.1-24

Mar Tuma,2 July 3

...

Isa 55.4-57.12, or as Mar Awa

...

Eph 3, or as Mar Awa

Jn 20.19-end

Transfiguration [lit. Revelation], August 6 3

...

Isa 6

1.15-end

1Tim 1.18-end of 2; 3.14-end

Mt 16.24-17.10

Fifth Sunday of Summer

Lv 22.26-23.23

Isa 28.14-23

...

2Cor 12.14-end of 13

Lk 16.19-17.11

Sixth Sunday of Summer

Lv 19.1-15

Isa 29.13-end

...

1Th 2.1-13

Lk 17.5-20

Friday. Mar Shimun Bar Sabai, [Ninth] Catholicos and Martyr, A.D. 314-330 or 326-344

...

Isa 41.8-17

18.19-19.21

2Cor 10.4-end

Jn 15.1-26

Seventh Sunday of Summer

Lv 19.15-end; 20.9-15

Isa 30.1-16

...

1Th 2.14-20

Lk 18.2-15

First Sunday of Eliya (Elijah)

Dt 6.20-7.7

Isa 31.4-end

...

2Th 1

Lk 18.35-19.11

Second Sunday of Eliya

Dt 7.7-12

Isa 30.15-27

...

2Th 2.15-end of 3

Mt 13.1-9

Third Sunday of Eliya

Dt 7.12-end

Isa 32.1-33.7

...

Php 1.12-26

Mt 13.24-44

Friday. Eliya the Tishbite, and Mar Ishuyaw (Jesusdedit)

...

...

...

...

...

Feast of the Cross, September 13 4

...

Isa 52.13-end of 53

2.14-37

1Cor 1.18-end

Lk 24.13-36

1. Kashkul MS

2. St. Thomas the Apostle. Fixed day.

3. Fixed day. Armenian Kalendar, July 14.

4. Fixed day. Rule in the Khudra: -- The fourth Sunday of Elijah must be after the Cross, and if necessary the other Sundays of this Shawu'a must be changed. Excepting only that if Holy Cross Day fall in the week before the furst Sunday of Elijah, then the first Sunday keeps its place, and on the following Sunday the service of the Fourth Sunday of Elijah is used. There is only one Festival of the Cross, but in the district of Tal in Kurdistan a separate memorial of St. Helena is kept in September. On Sept. 13 (not 14 as elsewhere) the Invention of the Cross is chiefly commemorated, not the Exaltation. The Holy Eastern Church also combines the two.

pp. 280-281

KALENDAR

LAW

PROPHECY

ACTS

THE APOSTLE

THE GOSPEL

Fourth Sunday of Eliya, First of the Cross

Dt 8.11-end

Isa 33.13-end

...

Php 1.27-2.12

Mt 4.12-5.17

Fifth Sunday of Eliya, Second of the Cross

Dt 9.1-9

Isa 25.1-9

...

Php 3.1-15

Mt 17.14-end

Sixth Sunday of Eliya, Third of the Cross

Dt 9.13-23

Isa 25.9-26.20

...

Php 4.4-end

Mt 15.21-39

Seventh Sunday of Eliya, Fourth of the Cross

Dt 10.12-end

Isa 28.23-29.13

...

1Cor 14.26-end

Mt 18.1-19

First Sunday of Mar Mushi (Moses) 1

Dt 11.1-13

Isa 40.1-18

...

2Cor 1.23-2.17

Mt 20.1-17

Second Sunday of Mar Mushi

Dt 11.26-12.2

Isa 40.18-41.8

...

Gal 5.16-end

Mt 12.46-end

Third Sunday of Mar Mushi

Dt 12.1-29

Isa 41.8-21

...

Gal 6

Jn 5.1-19

Fourth Sunday of Mar Mushi

Dt 12.29-14.3

Isa 41.21-42.5

...

1Tim 5.1-17

Mt 8.23-9.10

First Sunday of the Hallowing of the Church, or Ma'alta 2

Ex 40

Isa 6

...

1Cor 12.28-end of 13

Mt 16.13-20; 21.12-14

Second Sunday of the hallowing of the Church. [Also Mar Yukhánan the Arab]

Ex 39.32-end

1Ki 8.10-30

...

Heb 8.1-9.6

Mt 12.1-14

Third Sunday of the Hallowing of the Church

Num 7.1-11

Isa 54.1-16

...

Heb 9.6-16

Jn 2.12-23

Friday. Mar Augin 3

...

...

...

...

...

Fourth Sunday of the Hallowing of the Church

...

1Ki 6.1-20; Ezk 42.1-8

...

Heb 9.16-end

Mt 22.41-23.13

1. If Easter fall late, all or some of the Sundays of Mar Mushi are omitted; and (apparently) if it falls as late as possible, the last Sunday of Elijah also. If Easter fall on the earliest possible day, the fifth and fourth Sundays of Elijah will have to be interchanged so as to follow the rule given above (page 278, note 4). But this arrangement is not explicity ordered.

2. i.e. "Entrance." On this day the people move from the summer chapel to the nave of the church for their daily prayers.

3. Kashkul MS

Additional note. -- Every eventuality with regard to Easter seems to be provided for in the above rules. In the first part of the Kalendar the following modifications are said to be usually observed. If the Nativity fall on a Sunday, St. Mary is the following Friday, there is only one Sunday of the Nativity, Epiphany is on Friday, and the Saints' days come after instead of before the Sundays given in the table; if on a Monday, there is only one Sunday of the Nativity, Epiphany is on a Saturday, and the Saints' days similarly come after the Sundays; if on a Tuesday, there is only one Sunday of the Nativity, and Epiphany is on a Sunday.